Afterword for Edgefield’s First Pastor: Rev. S. L. Morris

Samuel Leslie Morris

Transcript of Morris’s Obituary from the Atlanta Journal.

Samuel Leslie Morris, son of James Hervey Morris and the former Anne Elizabeth McCaslan, was born on Christmas Day 1854 at the home of his maternal grandparents Moses Oliver and Susannah Clark [née Foster] McCaslan. The family into which he was born were well connected Scot-Irish Presbyterians; who had helped organize and support many churches in the area around Abbeville County, South Carolina. Education and prayer were two endeavors at which young Samuel excelled. At the age of 14, Samuel joined Hopewell Presbyterian.

Like his father, Samuel attended and graduated from Erskine College in Due West, South Carolina. At 18, Samuel entered Columbia Theological Seminary in Columbia, SC. Two weeks later he was received into the South Carolina Presbytery as a candidate for the ministry. In 1875, the S.C. Presbytery formally licensed him, a full year before graduating from the seminary. Now Rev. Morris, his first pastorate was in Walhalla, South Carolina.

On October 23rd 1877, Rev. Morris married Miss Ella Martha Brice, daughter of Christopher and Margaret Brice of Douglass, South Carolina. From this union came four children:

Margaret Morris {m. Akers} (1883-1978)
Hattie Woodrow Morris {m. Gilbert} (1886-1979)
Marion Christine Morris {m. Wood}(1889-1982)
Samuel L Morris Jr., M.D. (1891-1970)
(see “updated information on children” below

Rev. Morris was later pastor of Vineville Presbyterian in Macon, Georgia in 1901; then he came to Morningside church in Atlanta in 1935.

At the time of his death on May 10th 1937, Rev. Samuel Leslie Morris was pastor emeritus of Morningside. He was survived by his wife, daughters, Margaret, Hattie, Marion and son, Dr. Samuel L. Morris. He was laid to rest in the family vault in the Mausoleum at Crestlawn Memorial Park Cemetery [Atlanta, Fulton County, GA].

S L Morris tombstone

Morris Tombstone

The Last installment

With this installment, I end my Blog posts on the History of Presbyterianism in Edgefield District, SC. I may revisit this topic in the future after more information comes into my possession.


Akers, Margaret (Margie) Annie née Morris. (1883-1978) Daughter of S. L. Morris and Martha Brice Morris. FindaGrave ID #127304853 accessed from

Morris, Anne Elizabeth née McCaslan. (1831-1922). Mother of Rev. S. L. Morris. FindaGrave ID #103800380. accessed from

Morris, James Harvey. (1829-1864). Father of Rev. S. L. Morris. Private Co. B, 5th Regiment, South Carolina Calvary, Hampton Legion. Findagrave ID #103823258. accessed from

Morris, Martha Ella née Brice. (1856-1949). Spouse of Rev. S. L. Morris. FindaGrave ID #127306863 accessed from

Morris, Samuel Leslie Rev. (1854–1937). FindaGrave ID #103995198 accessed from

Morris, Samuel Leslie, Jr., M.D. (1891-1970). Son of S. L. Morris and Martha Brice Morris. FindaGrave ID #127294350 accessed from

Tatnell Sq. Presbyterian Church. (2015). “Mercer opens renovated church as new arts center.” Accessed 16 July 2018 from

Updated Information on Morris Children:

(1) Margaret Anne, (Feb. 5, 1883), married R. P. Akers
(2) Hattie Woodrow, (Dec. 3, 1886,) married 1st S. T. Hughes (one child, Stephen);  married 2nd Hugh Gilbert, (one daughter, Leslie Morris)
(3) Marion Christine (Aug. 16, 1889), married Clyde M. Wood, (two children, Clyde M., Jr., and Martha Eleanor)
(4) Samuel Leslie, Jr., (May 8, 1891), — physician, Atlanta, GA.
(all from The Records of the Morris Family, By S. L. Morris, D.D., LL.D. p. 76)

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Pastoral Concern for Members of Edgefield Presbyterian Church

An Errant Member

I briefly introduced the situation of an errant member of Edgefield Presbyterian Church in my last post, Col. James H. Tillman (pictured below). I refer you to that post for the incidents in 1903. In the years intervening up to 1908, Jim Tillman’s life had gone down hill from his glory days as commander of The First SC Volunteer Infantry unit in the Spanish American War, 1898. After returning to the Palmetto State, he was elected Lt. Gov. in 1900. Near the end of his term, he shot and killed N. G. Gonzales, editor of the State newspaper (see “Tillman-Gonzales Murder Trial” link below).

Col James H Tillman

A Church’s Concern for Errant Member’s Spiritual State

Rather than writing about the events, I reproduce an extract from the church minutes.

1908 Minutes of the Session 

Feb. 7, 1909
The Session met at the church after Sunday School, and was opened with prayer. Present Rev. T. P. Burgess, and Elder W. L. Dunovant. The interests of the church were considered, and the following letter was addressed to Col. J. H. Tillman:

Edgefield, S.C. Feb. 7, 1909 Col. James H. Tillman: Edgefield, S.C.:
Dear Sir :
We have waited on you a long time, hoping and praying for some improvement in your religious life. It now becomes our duty to remind you that you very seldom have attended our church services, and that you have not communed in several years. Such being the case, we now request you to appear before the Session in person, or in writing, on Sunday March 7, 1909, at the church, immediately after the morning service, and show cause, if any, why your name should not be dropped from our roll. By order of Session, T. P. Burgess, Mod.

Mch 7, [1909]
The Session met after morning service, in the church, and was opened with prayer. Present Rev. T. P. Burgess, Mod., and Elder W. L. Dunovant. The following letter was received from Col. James H. Tillman :

“St. Mary’s Hospital and Sanatorium, Tucson, Arizonia, Feb. 24, 1909, Rev. T. P. Burgess, Edgefield, S.C.
Dear Sir :
Your letter dated 7th inst., posted March 13th, addressed to Palm Springs, California, reached me today. While I am in bed with fever, and quite weak from a recent hemorrhage, your communication demands a prompt reply which I frankly give.
What you say of the past is all too true and dearly has it cost me. With contrite heart, I am struggling, but Alas! My pleas may have [gone] too late. Faith and hope are my consolation, and mercy alone my salvation.
Very respectfully, James H. Tillman.”

St. Marys Hospital cir 1918_0001

Picture of St. Mary’s Hospital and Sanatorium, Tucson, Arizona circa 1918. The hospital was operated by The Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet. 

“Died April 1, 1911” [was added on the bottom of the page in a different ink.] 

James Tillman’s Latter End

Tillman had contracted tuberculosis. He lived for a number of years in a tent on the hill which is now occupied by Apple Square shopping center, Edgefield, SC. (From interview with W. W. Mims in the late 1990s.)

When the letter exchange took place, Tillman was residing in Arizona, which was considered to be a better climate for someone suffering with TB.

The Edgefield Advertiser, 5 April 1911 records—

“With only his physician and a young nephew with him at the end, Col. James H. Tillman, at one time lieutenant governor of South Carolina, died [in Asheville, NC] tonight at 9:45 o’clock [PM]. The end came very suddenly. He had been here for his health for the past six months, and of late had improved. A few days ago he became worse. Late this afternoon he became very weak and suffered a collapse, the end following almost immediately.” 

Col James Tillman Tombstone inscription

Tombstone for Col James Hammond Tillman, Clarks Hill, SC

This is a sad end for the one time Lt. Gov. of SC. The church was concerned about its native son’s spiritual condition. Their last communication with him states he was trusting—”Faith and hope are my consolation, and mercy alone my salvation.” 


St. Mary’s Hospital and TB Sanitarium. Accessed 3 October 2018 from

Tillman-Gonzales Murder Trial; Palmetto Special. (2018). Accessed 3 October 2018 from N.B. This is a reenactment of Tillman Trial and the Gonzales shooting.

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Rev. T. P. Burgess: a Pastor at Last!

Rev. Burgess’s First Edgefield Sermon

Late in 1902, the Presbyterian Church Group at Edgefield contemplated issuing a call to the Rev. Thomas Peterson Burgess. However, his first appearance in the pulpit was chilly, literally. 

It is greatly to be regretted that the inclement weather kept many from hearing the very able sermon delivered from the Presbyterian pulpit on Sunday morning last by Rev. T. P. Burgess. The Presbyterian flock contemplate calling this earnest and zealous man of God to be their permanent shepherd. We trust that his voice will be heard many times in Edgefield. (EA, 3 December 1902, issue) 

The inclement weather was a factor in church attendance since the Presbyterian Church did not have a central heating system at the time. Heat came from small heaters strategically placed around the sanctuary.

Edgefield Presbyterian Church, SC

Original Building of Edgefield Village Presbyterian Church, SC

One year later, the Presbyterian Church in the Village had installed a furnace!

Those who worshiped in the Presbyterian church on Sunday last noticed a very marked difference between the heating of the church by the newly installed furnace and the heaters that were formerly used. Although it was a very cold day the congregation was made very comfortable by the heat that was supplied by the furnace in the basement. (EA, 2 December 1903 issue)

The congregation had warmed to Rev. T. P. Burgess’s preaching!

Family and Early Life

Rev. T. P. Burgess was from Manning, SC. His father, Thomas Leslie Burgess was a medical doctor. His mother was Frances Anne Burgess née Mayes. Through his Mother’s line, his first cousin was Rev. George Gregg Mayes, Pastor/Stated Supply of Edgefield Group 1897-1899. 

Rev. Burgess received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Davidson College in 1883. He attended Columbia Theological Seminary 1883-1885. He transferred to Princeton Theological Seminary where he received the Bachelor of Divinity in 1886. 

He married Charlotte “Lottie” Matilda Henderson, 28 October 1890, in Walterborro, SC. 

He was ordained by Charleston Presbytery in 1886. He pastored various churches in the low country and then moved to Georgia where he pastored various multiple-church-charges in the Atlanta and Madison, GA areas.

He then moved back to the Palmetto State where he pastored Ninety-Six Presbyterian Church Group 1900-1903. This group included Coronaca Presbyterian Church (see “Coronaca Presbyterian Church” below). (Ninety Six is 8 miles from Coronaca.) In 1926 Coronaca PC had 13 communing members. This included one ruling elder but no deacons. The Church had a stated supply who preached once a month. So, before coming to Edgefield, he had experience with multi-Church-charge situations. (see “Ministerial Directory” below)

Call to Edgefield

Rev. T. P. Burgess came to Edgefield the Week of 4 March 1903. The family boarded temporarily with Mrs. Mattie Sue “Tweetie” Cantelou and her husband, Joseph H. Cantelou. The Cantelous had a son, Walter Hill Cantelou, age 3.

By the end of April, the tenants had moved from the manse near the railroad depot in preparation for the Burgesses to occupy it. They moved in, 13 May 1903, after repairs were made.

Sensational Happening involving Member of Presbyterian Church


Sen. B. R. “Pitchfork” Tillman, left; Col. James Hammond “Jim” Tillman, right.

Rev. T. P. Burgess was introduced to “Edgefield conflict” almost as soon as he arrived. On 15 January 1903, Col. James Hammond “Jim” Tillman shot Narciso G. Gonzales, Editor of the State Newspaper. The two had a past feud that involved Gonzales’s bad press concerning both Jim Tillman and his uncle, B. R. “Pitchfork” Tillman. During Jim Tillman’s run for Governor in 1902, Gonzales opposed him.

The State referred to [Jim] Tillman as “a proven liar, defaulter, gambler and drunkard.” Gonzales accused Tillman … of falsifying Senate records, disgraceful military conduct, and fiscal improprieties. When Tillman refused to invite President Theodore Roosevelt to visit South Carolina because Roosevelt had refused to invite his uncle [B. R. Tillman] to a state dinner, Gonzales castigated the lieutenant governor’s “boorishness.” (see “Tillman, James Hammond” below) 

Tillman blamed Gonzales press coverage for his loss of the governor’s race. 

The Tillman-Gonzales feud ended on January 15, 1903. As the two men passed each other on the sidewalk at the corner of Main and Gervais Streets in Columbia, Tillman pulled out a pistol and shot the unarmed Gonzales once through the abdomen. The editor staggered back to his office and then was taken to Columbia Hospital, where he died on January 19. (see Tillman below). 

Sen. B. R. Tillman had the trial moved from Richland County to Lexington County where his constituency was larger. The trial began 28 September and the jury returned a “not guilty” verdict 15 October 1903. The trial was castigated in the national press as a farce and a fraud.

The officers of the Presbyterian Church in Edgefield took a similar view, but was more concerned with Col. James Tillman’s lack of attendance at church and his having not received communion for a number of years.

More on this next time. 


Burgess, Thomas Peterson. FindaGrave ID# 33785434. Accessed 2 October 2018 from
Burgess, Charlotte “Lottie” Burgess (nèe Henderson). FindaGrave ID# 33785377. Accessed 2 October 2018 from

Coronaca Presbyterian Church. (1926). History of the Presbyterian Church in South Carolina since 1850, edited by F. D. Jones, D. D. and W. H. Mills, D. D.; published by the Synod of South Carolina, pp. 993-994. Accessed 3 October 2018 from;view=1up;seq=1009 N.B. This resource can be searched and read online. It can be downloaded one page at a time for reading off line.

Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U. S., 1861-1941. Compiled by Rev. E. C. Scott. Published by order of the General assembly. Austin, TX: Press of Von Boeckmann-Jones Co., 1942.

Tillman, James Hammond. (2015-16). Accessed 2 Ictober 2018 from

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Wallace and Fennel: Candidates in 1902

Mr. Wallace

The Edgefield Advertiser, 25 June 1902, reports—

The Rev. Mr. Wallace will preach in our Presbyterian church on Sunday morning next. Being the fifth Sunday there will be no other service in town and our people should attend en masse.

This is Mr. Isaac Emmons Wallace, a student who was nearing the end of his program at Columbia Theological Seminary, SC. He had received a BA from Kings College, Bristol, TN, in 1900. He attended Columbia Theological Seminary 1900-1902. He attended Princeton Theological Seminary and University 1902-1903. Kings College would honor him with a Doctor of Divinity in 1927.

Before supplying the pulpit in Edgefield, he had been licensed by South Carolina Presbytery 2 April 1902. He was either supplying the pulpit in Edgefield for one Sunday or was being vetted by the congregation to see if he would work out as Mr. Stewart had done recently (see “Wallace” below). In any case, he either did not consider a call or they church did not call him. 

At this point the church rented out the manse to help relieve the debt on it at the Savings and Loan. Various members over the years had paid the interest on it, but payments on the principal were beyond the church’s finances. The Edgefield Advertiser, 30 July 1902, announces—”Mr. H. E. Grim has removed to the Presbyterian parsonage (sic: manse).”

Mr. Wallace pastored various churches mainly in the Anderson/Seneca area of the Palmetto State. He reposes in Old Stone Cemetery, Clemson.

The Rev. Mr. Fennel

This is Hardy Curtis Fennel age 50 at the time he supplied the pulpit for Edgefield.He was an Erskine College graduate of 1876. He went from there to Columbia Theological Seminary, finishing in 1879.

The Edgefield Advertiser, 27 August 1902 issue, announces—

The Rev H. C. Fennel, of Lowndesville, S. C., will preach in our Presbyterian church on next Sunday morning, Trenton in the afternoon, and at Johnson in the evening. We trust that he will be greeted with large congregations.

From this announcement, we may infer he was a candidate for the church. The Advertiser wishes “large congregations” at the three location.

Rev. Fennel pastored a three-church charge in Abbeville-Anderson area of South Carolina. He either did not take a call offered or the church declined to call him. He remained pastor of Varennes Presbyterian Church in Anderson, SC, until 1927, the year of his death.

He reposes in Providence Cemetery, Lowndesville, SC.

Fennel Tombstone.jpg

It does seem that Edgefield cannot get a pastor to come. Or is one on the horizon? Next time.


Fennel, Hardy Curtis (1851-1927). FindaGrave ID #150122552 accessed 8 September 2018 from
Fennel, Minnie A. née Lindsay (1852-1933). FindaGrave ID #150122600 accessed 8 September 2018 from Both are interred at Providence Cemetery, Lowndesville, Abbeville County, SC

Wallace, Isaac Emmons “Icie” (1879-1955). FindaGrave ID #60179843 accessed 8 September 2018 from
Wallace, Sarah Phoebe née Sherard (1873-1965). FindaGrave ID #60179901 Accessed 8 September 2018 from
Both interred at Old Stone Church Cemetery, Clemson, Pickens County, SC.

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Dr. J. Walter Hill: Village Physician & Presbyterian Mainstay

Birth and Early Life

John Walter Hill, MD (1834-1902), was born in Edgefield County to Theoliphus and Susannah Richardson Hill. Susannah Richardson was a Christian lady of renown in the County. The Edgefield Advertiser, 2 March 1859 issue, records her death. She died 2 February 1859 at her residence in Richardsonville, SC (the “town” is no longer extant, but was at a crossroads near Gassaway Methodist Church, now in Saluda County).


Modern Gassaway United Methodist Church on Historic Site

Her grave is not marked, but her passing is noted in the County newspaper. She was the wife of Theophilus Hill and the mother of 10 children. 

Unpretending and retiring in her manners almost to a fault, her influence was not felt so much abroad as at home. Here in the domestic circle, among her children, servants, and friends, it was strong and abiding, and in the performance of the various and responsible duties of domestic life, she was truly a model of patient industry, prudence and economy. (EA, Obituary)

The household was listed as including the following persons—US Census, 1850 (all born in South Carolina) 

Theophilus Hill M age 60
Susan Hill F age 48
Lodowick Hill M age 29
Rhydon Hill M age 27
Elizabeth Hill F age 19
William Hill M age 18 
Walter Hill M age 16 
Susan Hill F age 15
Thomas Hill M age 11
Benjamin Hill M age 7 

Edgefield County Map 1850 crop

Edgefield County Map 1850 showing Richardsonville above Fruit Hill.

John Walter Hill’s education included the M.D. degree from The University of the City of New York Medical Department, NYC. The Advertiser records several announcements in the late 1850s of his setting up medical practice in Edgefield Village—




Francis Hugh Wardlaw’s Residence in Edgefield, Holmewood

Dr. Hill Married the daughter of Francis Hugh Wardlaw and Ann Gresham Wardlaw (née Lamar) on 4 October 1860. The early part of their married life was shortened by the events at the Secession Convention. Tradition attributes the principal authorship of that text to Hill’s father-in-law, Francis Hugh Wardlaw, Chancellor in State Equity Courts.

“The Late Unpleasantness” and “Medical Practice” Out of State

Dr. Hill was mustered into Confederate Service, 7 December 1861, in Capt. J. Abney’s Co., “Edgefield Reserves,” subsequently Co. A, 22nd SC Infantry. He passed Confederate Army Board of Medical Examination, Charleston, SC, administered by Surgeon R. A. Kinloch (see “Kinloch” below). 

Dr. Hill wrote a letter of resignation 6 June 1862 from 19th SC Infantry, stating: “having suffered for some time with chronic bronchitis, the state of my health will not permit me to discharge efficiently the duties of the office which I hold” (copy of letter on FindaGrave website for Dr. Hill).

The letter was accepted, but he was not sent home. He was reassigned to Camp Jackson, Jackson, MS, with medical service for the 6th Texas Cavalry. With this unit he remained as they retreated east to Alabama until the end of the war. (see “Hambrecht” below)

Return to Edgefield Practice

Dr. Hill picked up his practice in Edgefield after the War. One incident is remarkable in its relief of human suffering, and is no doubt but a sample of many he performed over the years. He authored an article in the 1871 issue of The American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children in which he recounts a surgery performed on woman in labor for 56 hours prior to summoning him. The woman was a 32 year old African American, 5 feet tall and in good health. He preformed a successful Caesarean section and delivered a boy, Julius Caesar Gray. Both were still living in 1871. 

Although they had no children of their own, Dr. and Mrs. Hill took into their family two relatives of Dr. Hill’s. His nephew, Walter Pearce, and Niece, Sue Pearce, came to  live with them. They appear on the 1880 census in Wise Township in the Hill’s household. Sue was adopted by Dr. and Mrs. Hill. She married Joseph H. Cantelou. On Sue’s death certificate her father is listed as Walter Hill and her mother is Mattie Sue Hill (see “Cantelou” below).

Presbyterian Church

Dr. Hill was a person who was interested in the formation of a church, but did not immediately join. He signed the petition requesting South Carolina Presbytery to organize a Presbyterian Church at the County Seat in 1877. His wife, Martha Hill was the driving force behind the church and was enrolled as one of the four founding members. He later joined and was a supporter of the church. We know that he was a lay speaker. He made the report for the Village Church at the County Presbyterian Conference, July 30, 1893 (see EA).

There was a prayer meeting conducted by Dr. J. W. Hill, the subject assigned for the occasion being that of prayer. …The observations made were concise, comprehensive, and practical and given in such a manner that those present made an application of them to their own hearts.

Messrs. Jacobs, Tompkins, Lake, Cobb, and Hix made some very interesting responses. They hoped that the prayer meetings would in future would be better attended, and expressed themselves as having been greatly benefited and encouraged by the talk made by Dr. Hill. They were happy to see him, though a member and an honored one of another profession, glad to testify to the efficacy and necessity of prayer, and that often the encouragement of a layman was a greater aid to us than the eloquence of an ordained minister. (EA, 3 August 1893).

Dr. Hill also supported the YMCA in the county and spoke for Sunday School  conventions in the area. 

Evergreen Plantation

In 1879, Dr. Hill bought a farm south of Edgefield on Sweetwater Road. The house still stands but is not clearly visible through the trees. Many Edgefield County residents were born at this house since Dr. Hill took expectant nother’s into his house in their final stages of pregnancy. He had several farm hands who worked the plantation as he continued his medical practice in the Village.

Death of First Wife

Mrs. Martha Wardlaw Hill died 31 March 1895. Her loss was great to the church and to her family.

Obit Martha W Hill

Edgefield Advertiser Obituary, 1 April 1895.

Second Marriage & Death

Dr. Hill married again 4 November 1896. She was Susan Margaret Brunson, Edgefield Co., SC. He was 35 years her senior.

Dr. Hill died 13 March 1902 at age 68 years. He was a much loved and appreciated Edgefieldian. His obituary sums up the community’s sentiment—

Dr. Hill, in his social, commercial, religious and professional relations, stood foremost as a citizen and as a Christian. For many years in the past, he had been the chief physician in Edgefield County and distinguished in the medical fraternity throughout the State. For nearly a half century he had ministered to the physical distresses of thousands of people and his name was a comfort and a benediction wherever it was sounded.

It is interesting that Mrs. Susan B. Hill boarded with the Presbyterian pastor after Dr. Hill’s death according to the 1910 Census. 


Cantelou, Mattie Sue “Tweetie” née Hill (1873-1956). FindaGrave ID #89611045 accessed 7 September 2018 from
Cantelou, Joseph H. (1869-1932). FindaGrave ID # 89610993 accessed 7 September 2018 from
Both are interred at East View Cemetery, Edgefield, SC.

Hill, Dr. John Walter (1834-1902). FindaGrave ID #90115619 accessed 7 September 2018 from
Hill, Martha Eliza “Mattie” née Wardlaw (1842-1895). FindaGrave ID #90115706 accessed 7 September 2018 from
Both are interred Edgefield Village Cemetery, Edgefield, SC.
Hill, Susan Margaret née Brunson (1869-1943). FindaGrave ID #92412121 accessed 7 September 2018 from Interred Antioch Baptist Church Cemetery, Edgefield County, SC.

Hambrecht, F.T. & Koste, J.L. (2014) Biographical register of physicians who served the Confederacy in a medical capacity. Unpublished database. From FindaGrave website for R, J. W. Hill.

Kinloch, Dr. Robert Alexander (1826-1891). FindaGrave ID #27591680 accessed 7 September 2018 from N. B. An extensive biography of Kinloch is included on the FindaGrave website. It suffices to say, he was well-qualified as a graduate of University of Pennsylvania Medical Department, Philadelphia, PA and post-graduate work in Paris, London, and Edinburgh. 

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Mr. E. M. Stewart: Student Supply for Edgefield 1901-1902

Eugene Marcellus Stewart Student Supply (see “Ministerial Directory” below p. 684).


Edwards Presbyterian Church, Mississippi, where Mr. Stewart was born.

The Advertiser frequently refers to E. M. Stewart as “Pastor” of the Presbyterian Church and as “Rev.” Stewart. However, at this stage he was neither. It is obvious that he was popular. 

Student Supply: Official or Occasional?

Mr. Eugene Marcellus Stewart was a “Middler” in the Seminary in Columbia in 1900. He took off a semester to gain needed pastoral experience. Taking a year off between Middler and Senior years of Seminary became a standard practice later in the 20th Century as an “Internship.” 

There is no mention in the Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U. S., 1861-1941, of an official relationship being established between Mr. Stewart and Edgefield Church Group by SC Presbytery. This is not surprising since the Seminary would be responsible for supplying student preachers for rural churches. It would supervise the student’s activities closely since the Seminary’s reputation would be under scrutiny, too. 

First Sermon and Village Reaction

The Advertiser reports on his sermon—

An Excellent Sermon.
The Rev. E. M. Stewart preached in the Presbyterian church last Sabbath morning, as announced in last issue. Those of us who had not had the pleasure of hearing Mr. Stewart, were charmed with him. His discourse and manner, with his extreme affability, outside the pulpit, leave nothing to be desired. We predict that he will be very popular in Edgefield; indeed, he is already. He will preach in the same church again next Sabbath (The Edgefield Advertiser, 3 July issue 1901).

It is obvious from these effusive comments that the community warmed to Stewart, unlike to the previous two preachers. 

County Church Life among the Presbyterians

We do learn a few facts about church life in the county from the Newspaper. The Edgefield Advertiser, 3 July 1901 issue, gives us what a month of preaching looked like in those pre-automobile days. 

Presbyterian Church Directory.
E. M. STEWART, Pastor [sic] 
Preaching each month as follows:
EDGEFIELD—1st Sabbath at 11 a m and 8:30 p m. 3rd Sabbath 11 a m. Sunday school every Sabbath at 10 a m.
TRENTON—2nd Sabbath: 4:30 pm. 4th Sabbath 11 a m.
JOHNSTON—2nd Sabbath 11a m. 4th Sabbath 8:30 p m.
ROPERS—3rd Sabbath 8 p m

We learn that preaching at the Ropers Church was regular during this era. No schedule is provided for High View Church. These two churches are organized churches, but High View gradually falls into disuse since Senator Tillman relocated to Trenton and others on the Old Stage Road could travel to Ropers (5 1/2 miles distant from High View, by the shortest “road”).

Maybe it would be better to consider High View as a Tillman family-associated church. The Tillman Family Cemetery was next to the Church building on one side and the Tillman home place was on the other side. The Advertiser, 6 November 1901 issue, records the following marriage.

Dr. C. A. Teague, of Graniteville, was married yesterday to Miss Margaret Simpson, of Edgefield county at High View church, near Ropers. Miss Simpson is a niece of Senator B. R. Tillman (see “Teague” below).


From this map, we can see Ropers Crossroads (the church was next to the school) and High View Presbyterian Church mislabeled as “Fairview Ch.” Highway 34 is Sweetwater Road.

Return to Seminary, Marriage, Residence in Edgefield

The Edgefield Advertiser, September 25 1901 issue, reveals Mr. Stewart’s true status and future plans. 

A Popular Minister.
Rev. [sic] Eugene Stewart, of the Presbyterian church, will resume his studies at the Presbyterian Theological seminary in Columbia this month, this being his final year before completion of the course. He will, however, continue to serve as pastor of our Presbyterian church, preaching once a month. We are glad that Mr. Stewart will be able to give Edgefield even that much of his presence and service.

In February 1902, Mr. Stewart married Ada Florence Heise, in Columbia, SC. They moved into the Village as boarders with Mrs. Kate Lynch.

The last event recorded in the newspaper is the Easter sermon by Mr. Stewart.

An Eloquent Sermon.
“He is not here but is risen” Luke 25:6—was the theme of the eloquent, and being Easter morn, very appropriate discourse delivered by the Rev. [sic] E. M. Stewart in the Presbyterian church last Sunday. The sermon was delivered with earnestness and tenderness befitting the occasion. Mr. Stewart has an ease and grace of manner and fluency of speech which along with his rare dualities of mind and heart assure for him a bright and useful career in the ministry. Although the Rev. [sic] Eugene M. Stewart will not be here next Sunday morning, he will engage someone to fill his regular appointment in the Presbyterian church.

It is evident that the Editor of the Advertiser along with the town hoped Mr. Stewart would choose to take the pastorate of the Church. This was not to be (for unstated reasons). There is no report in the Newspaper on his last sermon in the Village Church.

Gone to Mississippi; but back to South Carolina for a Funeral

Mr. Stewart chose to return to his native region, the Deep South. He was licensed and ordained by the S. Alabama Presbytery in 1903. He pastored the Fayette Presbyterian Church, Fayette, MS, from 1903-1908.

Thomas Hinds Masonic Lodge Lafayette MS

Until 1917, the Fayette Presbyterian Church met in the lower floor of the Thomas Hinds Masonic Lodge, Fayette, MS. (see Lodge below)

Sadly, Mrs. Stewart died in 1904, age 29. Her remains were returned to the Palmetto State, where her funeral was held and burial was .

The State newspaper, Monday, 18 April 1904 issue, records—

STEWART—The relatives and friends of Rev. and Mrs. E. M. Stewart and Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Heise and family are invited to attend the funeral services of Mrs. E. M. Stewart THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON at 4 o’clock at First Presbyterian Church. Interment in Elmwood Cemetery. [from FindaGrave website]

Rev. Stewart remarried in 1906. 

Edgefield’s Seemingly Pitiable Situation

I guess it appeared Edgefield was unable to obtain a pastor. However, more candidates were to come in 1902, but that must wait for next time. 


Lodge, Thomas Hinds Masonic. Accessed 5 September 2018 from N.B. The church’s relationship with the Lodge was not always amicable. It ended in a  lawsuit with the church moving out to build its own facility in 1917.

Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U. S., 1861-1941. Compiled by Rev. E. C. Scott. Published by order of the General assembly. Austin, TX: Press of Von Boeckmann-Jones Co., 1942.

Stewart, Eugene Marcellus. FindaGrave ID #27300729 Accessed 4 September 2018 from Interred Crystal Springs Cemetery, Crystal Springs, Copiah County, MS.
Stewart, Ada Florence née Heise (1875-1904).  1st Wife. FindaGrave ID #97228534 Accessed 4 September 2018 from Interred Elmwood Cemetery, Coulmbia, SC.
Stewart, Sadie née Young (1881-1980). 2nd Wife. FindaGrave ID #51598247 Accessed 4 September 2018 from Interred Young Family Cemetery, Zachary, East Baton Rouge Parish, LA.

Teague, Charles Arthur (1863-1916) FindaGrave ID #91910653. Accessed 5 September 2018 from
Teague, Margaret Jones née Simpson (1876-1961). FindaGrave ID # Accessed 5 September 2018 from
Both interred Ebenezer Cemetery, Trenton, Edgefield County, SC

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved


Rev. E. C. Bailey and Rev. B. P. Reid: Candidates for Edgefield 1901

After Mr. Latimer left in December 1900, several candidates preached in 1901-1902 with a view to becoming pastor. 

Rev. Ephraim Clark Bailey (see “Ministerial Directory” below p. 684).

Rev. Bailey was born March 17, 1869, Edisto Island, SC. He was a graduate of Presbyterian College, Clinton, SC. He also graduated from Columbia Theological Seminary in 1895. He preached in Edgefield on the first Sunday of February 1901. 

Exterior and Interior pictures of Edisto Presbyterian Church

The Edgefield Advertiser, 13 February 1901 issue reports the sermon.

All who heard the Rev E. C. Bailey in our Presbyterian church recently were highly delighted, and it is hoped that this gentleman will be called to preach here the present year.

Yet, Rev. E. C. Bailey did not become the pastor, that is, not yet! He was called later and occupied the pulpit from 1912-1920 (see Ministerial Directory below, p, 26). 

Rev. Benjamin Palmer Reid (see “Ministerial Directory” below p. 601).

The Edgefield Advertiser, 20 March 1901 issue reports—”Rev Mr Reid of Spartanburg preached in our Presbyterian church on Sunday morning.” (see “Reid” below). Reid is identified as from Spartanburg since he moved around quite a bit as a stated supply. He was seeking a pastorate in 1901 since he was stated supply at Woodruff and Mountain Shoals churches at the time. 


Nazareth Presbyterian Church, Moore, SC

Reid was a graduate of Davidson College, BA in 1879. He attended Princeton Theological Seminary 1883-1884, but attended Columbia Theological Seminary 1884-1885. There is no record of his receiving a B.D. from either institution. He was also Stated Clerk of South Carolina from 1900-1901.

There is no report on the sermon in the paper. He may have been too much of an administrator for the rural area. If you remember preaching in the Opera House in the Village was entertainment for the community. For example, the “Drummer Evangelist” and Mr. “Fife,” the “sweet singer,” were popular earlier in the 1890s. This may explain why Edgefield did not call Reid as pastor. Rev. Mayes, the last pastor, was much involved in Presbytery and Synod activity since he was also Stated Clerk of SC Presbytery. 


Bailey, Ephraim Clark. FindaGrave ID #50448727. Accessed 4 September 2018 from
Bailey, Elizabeth “Bessie” née Hanna. FindaGrave ID #50449346 Accessed 4 September 2018 from
Both are interred at the Byrd Cemetery, Timmonsville, Florence County, SC.

Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U. S., 1861-1941. Compiled by Rev. E. C. Scott. Published by order of the General assembly. Austin, TX: Press of Von Boeckmann-Jones Co., 1942.

Reid, Benjamin Palmer (1860-1913). FindaGrave ID #20383014 Accessed 5 September 2018 from
Reid, Lelia Teasley (1878-1963). FindaGrave ID #20387813 Accessed 5 September 2018 from
Both are interred at Nazareth Presbyterian Church Cemetery; Moore, Spartanburg County, SC.
Reid, Robert Harden. FindaGrave ID #20382959 accessed 4 September 2018 from
He is interred at Nazareth Presbyterian Church Cemetery; Moore, Spartanburg County, SC. N.B. Father of Benjamin Palmer Reid; R. H. Reid was age 80 in 1901, and hardly a pulpit supply or a candidate for the pastorate. 

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

Robert S. Latimer: Edgefield Presbyterian Church Supply August-December 1900

The Rev. Mr. G. G. Mayes left Edgefield sometime after August 1899. His pastoral relationship with Second Presbyterian Church is constituted after his acceptance of the call. Enoree Presbytery reports to the Synod of SC—

Within the last year it has received the G. G. Mayes from S. C. Presbytery, and placed in the hands of the first a call from the 2nd Church Greenville (see “Synod 1900” below). 

Thus, in 1899 for Edgefield begins a series of “unsettled years.” The Synod of SC in 1902 reports—

We have but one difficult and serious problem, and that is how to get the Edgefield group to call a pastor who will go (see “Synod 1902” below). 

Robert Stephens Latimer, Stated Supply, 1900

The Edgefield Advertiser (4 July 1900 issue) reports that Mr. Latimer of Alabama was to preach in Edgefield Presbyterian Church for 6 months. This is Robert Stephens Latimer of Greensboro, AL (see “Ministerial Directory 1861-1941,” p. 394 below).


Latimer was a 1900 graduate of Columbia Theological Seminary [SC]. He also was a newly wed, having married Miss Caroline Means of Columbia, SC, in 1900. He was licensed to preach by SC Presbytery in 1900 and was made stated supply of the Edgefield group of Presbyterian Churches (see “Stated Supply” below).

His short tenure at Edgefield was planned since he returned to Alabama and was ordained by Tuscaloosa Presbytery in 1901. However, he returned to South Carolina in 1905. His 1st wife had died in 1903 (see “Latimer, Caroline” below). He pastored Smyrna Church group in Newberry County, SC, where he married a second time Lillian Werts. 

Smyrna Pres church newberry

Smyrna Presbyterian Church, Newberry County, SC

Robert Latimer was pleased with South Carolina since both of his wives came from the central region of the Palmetto State. His short tenure at Edgefield was advantageous to both the church and the supply. It allowed Latimer pastoral experience and the church had regular preaching for a 6 month period.


He also is buried in Bishopville Presbyterian Church Cemetery

The Edgefield Advertiser, 25 July 1900 issue, relays the information that “Mr. C. E. May and family now occupy the Presbyterian parsonage (sic: manse) until Mr. May can build.” The Church rented out the manse near the railroad depot to help with the Savings and Loan payments due on it. So, Mr. Latimer and new wife did not become residents of Edgefield while he supplied the pulpit for the 6 months of 1900 he was preaching.

More on 1901 in the next post.


Latimer, Caroline née Means. (1872-1903). 1st wife of Robert Stephens Latimer FindaGrave ID #72604573 accessed 4 September 2018 from buried  Greensboro Cemetery, Greensboro, Hale County, Alabama

Latimer, Robert Stephens. FindaGrave ID #126156965 accessed 4 September 2018 from
Latimer, Lillian née Werts. 2nd wife. FindaGrave ID #126156982 accessed 4 September 2018 from
both interred at 
Bishopville Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Lee County, SC. 

Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U. S., 1861-1941. Compiled by Rev. E. C. Scott. Published by order of the General assembly. Austin, TX: Press of Von Boeckmann-Jones Co., 1942.

Stated Supply—”A minister appointed by the presbytery, after consultation with the Session, to perform the functions of a pastor in a church not seeking an installed minister. The relationship shall be established only by the presbytery and shall not exceed 12 months at a time. With presbytery’s approval, he may serve as Moderator of Session. The arrangement may be renewed.” —retrieved 17 August 2018 from [paraphrased for meaning.]

Synod of South Carolina Minutes, 1900. held in Florence, S.C. October 23-26, 1900. “Narrative of Enoree Presbytery.” p. 26

Synod of South Carolina Minutes, 1902, held in the First Presbyterian Church, Columbia, S. C., October 21-24, 1902; pp. 31-32. 

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

G. G. Mayes: Pastor who Changed his Status Mid-stream

Mayes Family

George Gregg Mayes came from an illustrious family. His Grandfather; Matthew Peterson “Squire” Mayes, II (1794-1878); founded the town of Mayesville, SC.

Matthew Squire Peterson Mayes

Picture of Matthew Peterson “Squire” Mayes, II from FindaGrave

The rural community in Sumter County was founded after planter Matthew “Squire” Peterson Mayes moved to the area from Virginia in 1820. Soon relatives followed and established a small agricultural community here. When the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad established a line through Mayes’ property and subsequently built a depot called Mayes Station in 1852, the community became known as Mayesville. The town suffered when Union soldiers destroyed the railroad during the Civil War, but like many places, Mayesville eventually rebuilt and recovered (see Mayesville below). 

George Gregg Mayes’ Educational Training

G. G. Mayes’ family was able to send him out of state for ministerial training. He attended Davidson College in NC for one year, and than he returned to SC to finish his BA at SC College (now USC). After graduation in 1888,  G. G Mayes matriculated at Princeton Theological Seminary in New Jersey (1888-1891). He transferred to Princeton University for an M.A. in 1891.

Priceton Univ 1890

Princeton University ca. 1890

Early Churches Served and Stated Clerk of Presbytery

Mayes pastored Walhalla Church (1891-1897) and served at the same time as stated supply at three other churches in the area. In 1895, he was elected Stated Clerk of South Carolina Presbytery.


Walhalla Presbyterian Church built ca. 1906

Call to Edgefield

Presbytery dissolved his pastoral relation with Walhalla in 1897 and placed a call in his hands to the Edgefield group of Churches (Synod of SC minutes 1897). He accepted the call and was installed October 17, 1897. Edgefield Advertiser, October 20, 1897 issue, records the event—”The installation sermon, forceful and edifying, was preached by Rev. Mr. Nail, assisted by Rev. Mr. Summerell.” 

Rev. Mayes opted to live in Trenton rather than in Edgefield. EA, Aug 11, 1897 issue, states “Rev. G. G. Mayes, the new pastor of the Edgefield Presbyterian churches will soon remove with his family to Trenton.”  

Suddenly, January 5, 1898 issue of EA announces:  “Rev. G. G. Mayes and family, of Trenton, will remove to Edgefield during the month of February and occupy the Presbyterian parsonage [sic: manse].” This is odd. No explanation is given for the change of residence. However, Rev. Mayes does change his status at some point. He becomes Stated Supply of the Edgefield Presbyterian Church group. 

He is perhaps away on Prsbytery and Synod business too much for Edgefield’s taste. EA Jan. 5, 1898 issue states: “Rev. G. G. Mayes, of Trenton, was in town on Tuesday of this week.” It is unusual for the paper to note a pastor’s presence on weekdays he is not preaching.  The EA does note every time Rev. Mayes is away from the county on Church business.

A “big gun” was brought in to conduct special meetings. March 29, 1899, EA:

Dr. [James Henley] Thornwell, [Jr.], who failed to reach our town in time to conduct services in our Presbyterian church on last Sunday night, will certainly be with us so as to preach on Tuesday night. These services will be continued, morning and night, for a week or longer. All our citizens are cordially invited to attend. Dr. Thornwell is the gifted son of a gifted father of the same name, a distinguished author and divine. (see Thornwell below)

SC Co-educational Institute

May 24, 1899, EA issue, offers praise for Rev. Mayes’ preaching. 

The closing exercises of South Carolina Co-Educational Institute, began in the Opera House on Friday evening of last week. The opening prayer made by Mr. J. R. Tompkins, the address by Rev. Mr. Mayes of the Presbyterian Church, was eloquent and contained sound advice on the aim and work of the Sunday school. May the many listeners profit by the emanations from the brain of this faithful, consecrated minister of Christ. 

Mayes’ preaching may have been considered too intellectual for Edgefield’s taste. In this case the complement in the paper may be a “backhand complement.” 

Leaves for Second Church, Greenville, SC


Second Presbyterian Church, Greenville, SC, chartered 1892

Rev. Mayes next reference in the EA is Aug. 23, 1899. 

The Rev. Mr. Mayes Accepts.
The Rev. G. G. Mayes, of Edgefield, whose call to the pastorate of the Second Presbyterian church, Sunday was published in The Greenville News of Sunday, has written that he has accepted the call, and will be here on the 1st of October with his family to take up the work regularly. The pulpit next Sunday will be filled by the Rev. J. C. Bailey, who is greatly admired in the Second church. There was only one “no” ballot cast at the session which extended the call to the Rev. Mr. Mayes. The person casting this ballot had no other objection to the Rev. Mr. Mayes than the fear that he was almost too young. The Rev. Mr. Mayes is married and has a family of three children. The Rev. Mr. Mayes received the news of the “no” vote rather as a compliment than otherwise.-Greenville News. 

I think it highly unusual to mention a “no” vote in Greenville due to the youth of the pastor who was leaving Edgefield. Another objection to Rev. Mayes may have been he was considered too young. G. G. Mayes was 30 years old when he came to Edgefield. He had already pastored four churches (albeit concurrently) by the time he came to Edgefield. By the time he went to Greenville, he was 34 years of age.

Edgefield Church Group 1899 to 1902

In the next post, I want to trace the large number of supply preachers for and candidates who did not take calls to Edgefield. This surely indicates problems that will eventually draw the attention of SC Synod. 


Mayes, George Gregg, D.D; b. 18 Sep 1866; d. 23 Oct 1942; Findagrave ID #48076222. Wife Alethea Stark Cozby Mayes b. 15 Jan 1868; d. 6 Nov 1951; FindaGrave ID #48076221. Buried Sion Presbyterian Cemetery, Winnsboro, SC. Accessed 1 August 2018 from

Mayesville, SC from South Carolina Picture Project. (2018). Accessed 3 September 2018 from See this website for pictures of the town today.

Thornwell, [Jr.] James Henley. (1846-1907). FindaGrave ID #44658259. Accessed 3 September 2018 from Burial at Unity Cemetery, Fort Mill, SC. A full obituary is on the FindaGrave website. 

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved

W. T. Hudson: The Pastor Edgefield Never Really Had

W. T. Hudson in Greenville

Wilton Tyler Hudson (1868-1945) hailed from Greenville, SC. He was reared in the First Presbyterian Church and later in the Third Presbyterian Church (no longer in existence). He came to Edgefield in 1896 (see Jones and Mills, p. 274). Before I get into his time in Edgefield, let me narrate some details about him and his family.

First Pres Ch Gville SC

First Presbyterian Church, Greenville, SC

The Hudson Family

W. T. Hudson’s father, William A. Hudson, was a well known Presbyterian elder in Greenville. He was a deacon in First Presbyterian Church. His occupation was that of a surveyor. He lived at 616 Washington St. in the City. (It was in the block now occupied by the US Post Office; the street to the side of the Post Office is “Hudson Street.” I do not wonder why!)

Mr. W. A. Hudson was a prime mover in the establishing of the Third Presbyterian Church in the City.


The newly renovated Third Presbyterian Church building, pictured above. It is now Trinity Church of Greenville, a small, interdenominational assembly founded in 2011, that occupies it.

In 1887, the Young Men’s Working Society of First Presbyterian Church began a mission near the Southern Railway Station at the end of Washington St. It was moved to Hampton Ave. and a Sunday School class begun a few streets away. February 26, 1893 the mission was organized as Palmer Presbyterian Church. W. A. Hudson was one of four original elders for the Church. “In 1916 the church began construction of a new building at what was then the corner of Buncombe and Echols Streets [now on Pete Hollis Blvd.], the same year that the session changed the church name to Third Presbyterian” (see “Third Presbyterian Church” below).

W. T. Hudson’s older brother, Dr. Waddy Hampton Hudson was an original member of that Young Men’s Workers Organization. He served as a missionary to China for 50 years. Their younger brother W. Austin Hudson was a grocer and donated the land on which Third Presbyterian Church was eventually built (though the church as an organization is no longer in existence, the building is and was newly renovated and entered into the Historical Register).  (see Greenville News below).

W. T. Hudson’s Educational Credentials

Hudson received the BA and the Master of Mechanical Philosophy from Furman University in 1891. This dual program required 5 years of study. This academic program prepared him for a career in the natural sciences (see “Furman University Alumni” below). The masters program would not qualify him for the ministry, but the Bachelor’s degree might at this point in the Presbyterian church. 


Furman’s “Old Main” on the downtown Greenville Campus pre-1958 picture

W. T. Hudson in Edgefield

Mr. Hudson’s ministry in Edgefield was irregular. The Edgefield Advertiser announces—

The Presbyterian churches in our county have called the Rev. [sic] W. T. Hudson, and we hear he has accepted. He will preach on next Sunday morning [May 17, 1896] at the Presbyterian church in our town. [May 13, 1896 issue]

The Edgefield Advertiser, November 25, 1896 issue, gives this announcement—

Rev. Mr. Hutson [sic] will be ordained and installed in our Presbyterian church next Sunday morning, Dr. Woodrow will preach the sermon. Dr. Pell, of Columbia, will deliver the charge to the congregation, and Rev. Mr. Reed, of Pendleton, will deliver the charge to the pastor. Similar services will be held in the Presbyterian church at Trenton in the afternoon, and at Johnston at night.

The Synod minutes for 1896 states “W. T. Hudson was ordained and installed as pastor of Edgefield” (see Jones and Mills, p. 274 below). 

The Advertiser gives a terse announcement in December 2, 1896—

The failure of Dr. Woodrow to preach in our Presbyterian church last Sunday was a great disappointment. Many of our people admire him and were anxious to hear him. We understand, however, that there was only a postponement, and that he will preach here in about a month at the ordination of Mr. Hutson [sic].

No ordination or installation ever took place in Edgefield for Mr. W. T. Hudson. 

The March 10, 1897 Advertiser states “Rev. Mr. Hutson [sic] who has been away for some months has returned to Edgefield.” Suddenly, it announces the next week—”The Rev. W. T Hutson [sic] has returned to Greenville, having given up the pastorate of the Presbyterian church here.”  [The Advertiser March 17, 1897 issue]. 

Jones and Mills, p. 276, records “Licentiate W. T. Hudson dismissed to Enoree Presbytery in 1900.” This lets us know that W. T. Hudson was not ordained and installed as pastor of Edgefield. He was a Licentiate, who completed his training and examinations, but was not ordained. He preached in Edgefield from May 1896 to sometime in early 1897 and then he went away temporally. His time away was spent in reflection on whether he was called to the ministry, I’m sure.  Possibly, he realized he was not properly prepared for pastoral ministry by his education.

Greenville SC 1899

Picture of Greenville, SC, Main St looking north from the Court House ca. 1899

Mr. W. T. Hudson back in Greenville

On the 1900 Census, he is listed as in his father’s household once again. His occupation is “theological student.” 

On the 1910 census, W. T. Hudson is listed as a bookkeeper. In 1920, the census states his place of bookkeeping—a cotton mill. Greenville was filling with them!

Camperdown Mill

The Camperdown Mill had been opened in 1874; this is a ca. 1904 postcard

Hudson’s educational requirements might have been deficient for the ministry, but he was most assuredly over-qualified for bookkeeping! He appears by this time to have abandoned any thoughts of ordination to the ministry, but he continues as a faithful layman helping build Third Presbyterian Church. There is no shame in stepping back from a post one is not qualified for to assume a post for which one is.

He may never have been ordained as a teaching elder in the Presbyterian Church, US, but he served as a ruling elder in Third Presbyterian Church. He could still preach within the bounds of Enoree Presbytery as a ruling elder with a license. He does so in 1938 when he delivers a charge to the congregation at an installation of a pastor at Monaghan Presbyterian Church in Greenville (see The Greenville News, Dec. 4 , 1938 p. 35).

I remember a pastor telling me the church doesn’t need leadership so much as it needs follow-ship! W. T. Hudson followed his calling and helped built Christ’s church, just not the one in Edgefield. 


Furman University Alumni (1891). Accessed 26 August 2018 from

The Greenville News. “Third Presbyterian Church has 60th Birthday Sunday.” February 20, 1953, p. 5.

Jones and Mills. (1926). History of the Presbyterian Church in South Carolina since 1850. (Columbia, SC: R. L. Bryan Co., for the Synod of South Carolina) accessed 11 June 2018 from;view=1up;seq=5

Third Presbyterian Church (2018). Accessed 24 August 2018 from,_South_Carolina)

© 2018 C. Richard Barbare All Rights Reserved